Scientists have responded with a focus on research into how the endocannabinoid system may be a target of treatment for these patients. There is scientific evidence that people with epilepsy may have an endocannabinoid deficiency, leading to overexcitation of the flow of neurotransmitters in the brain, which leads to abnormal firing of the brain cells. Evidence also points to significant neuroinflammation in the seizuring brain. The way that CBD works to reduce and stop seizures is being researched and so far, this is what we know: CBD enhances the brain’s own endocannabinoid levels, enhancing the endocannabinoid system; CBD modulates the flow of calcium and potassium in neurons, thereby stabilizing these cells, and CBD works as an antiinflammatory, blocking formation of pro-inflammatory compounds and reducing toxic substances, resulting in a brain that is less inflamed. As you can see, CBD, with its multiple mechanisms of action, acts at multiple targets in the brain. This is why we think it works well for epilepsy. Since CBD does not activate the cannabinoid receptor the way THC does, it does not cause tolerance, and as it is not psychoactive, it is an ideal compound for pediatric patients.
In most cases, the oil is administered under the tongue, swallowed by mouth, or given through a gastrostomy tube. I insist that my patients use laboratory tested solvent- and pesticide-free cannabis oil. Adjustments in dosing and the CBD:THC ratio are often required after periods of observation, and sometimes different strains of CBD-rich cannabis must be tried before seeing a clinical response.
“Cannabis for Pediatric Epilepsy” is the second installment of a five-part series on Children and Cannabis Medicine.
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